Ramadan 2020/1441 هـ & Eid ul-Fitr 2020/1441 هـ Dates

The Scottish Hilal Forum (SHF) has announced Ramadan and Eid dates for 2020 under the supervision of Ulama in line with agreed Islamic criteria and including data from Her Majesty’s Nautical Almanac Office (British Observatory).

Based on the agreed criteria:

The first day of Ramadan 2020/1441 هـ will be on Saturday, 25th of April 2020 and
Eid ul-Fitr will be on Sunday, 24th of May 2020 insha Allah.

The Muslim community in Scotland has faced confusion for many years regarding the starting of Ramadan and Eid. This has resulted in severe difficulties for students, employees and the self-employed who could not take time off from work or from educational institutions due to the wait for last minute confirmation of Eid day.

SHF, by Ulama agreeing on Islamic and Scientific criteria, has been able to announce the required dates ahead of time, allowing the community to plan ahead while keeping united.

Scottish Hilal Forum agreed that the Shara’i new month is ascertained if the following conditions are satisfied:

  1. The conjunction must have actually occurred.
  2. The moonset follows sunset.
  3. The visibility falls either in Category A or B or C for either Makkah, or any city in the UK or any city in North, North West, West, South and South West African countries.
  4. The city that is chosen in the regions/ counties mentioned above in the point 3 for the start of Hijri month must be same for the end of Hijri month.

 Ramadan 2020/1441 هـ
We can safely determine Saturday, 25th of April 2020 as the 1st of Ramadan 1441 هـ. According to Her Majesty’s Nautical Almanac Office (HMNAO), the visibility falls in category ‘A’ for many countries on 24th of April 2020:

Thursday, 23 April 2020 Friday, 24 April 2020
City Visibility Lag time (minutes) Visibility Lag time (minutes)
Makkah F 23 A 73
Rabat F 28 A 84
Cape Town – South Africa F 30 A 63
Johannesburg – South Africa F 29 A 64
Dakar – Senegal E 31 A 80
Accra – Ghana E 29 A 75
Freetown – Sierra Leone E 31 A 78
London F 23 A 90
Glasgow F 23 A 94

 It should be noted that the moon will be born on 23rd April 2020 but according to the British Observatory, it will be in Category ‘F’ for the cities/ countries listed above, which means it will be below the Danjon limit, not visible even with the help of a telescope.

Eid ul-Fitr 2019/1440 هـ
Similarly, we can safely determine Sunday, 24th of May 2020 as the 1st of Shawwal 1441 هـAccording to Her Majesty’s Nautical Almanac Office (HMNAO), the visibility falls in categories ‘A’ or ‘B’ in most countries on 23th May 2020:

Friday, 22 May 2020 Saturday, 23 May 2020
City Visibility Lag time (minutes) Visibility Lag time (minutes)
Makkah B 44
Rabat  F -6 B 52
Cape Town D 41
Johannesburg C 41
Dakar – Senegal  F -1 A 52
Accra – Ghana  F -2 B 48
Freetown – Sierra Leone  F -1 A 50
London F -14 D 54
Glasgow F -17 E 55

 It should be noted that the moon will be born on 22nd May 2020 but according to the British Observatory, it will be in Category ‘F’ for the cities/ countries listed above, which means it will be below the Danjon limit, not visible even with the help of a telescope.

Eid ul-Adha will be on Sunday, 11th of August 2019/هـ1440 insha Allah.

The Scottish Hilal Forum (SHF) has announced Eid ul Adha date for 2019 under the supervision of Ulama in line with agreed Islamic criteria and including data from Her Majesty’s Nautical Almanac Office (British Observatory).

Based on the agreed criteria:

Eid ul-Adha will be on Sunday,  11th of August 2019/هـ1440 insha Allah.

SHF, by Ulama agreeing on Islamic and Scientific criteria, has been able to announce the required dates ahead of time, allowing the community to plan ahead while keeping united.

Scottish Hilal Forum agreed that the Shara’i new month is ascertained if the following conditions are satisfied:

  1. The conjunction must have actually occurred.
  2. The moonset follows sunset.
  3. The visibility falls either in Category A or B or C for either Makkah, or any city in the UK or any city in North, North West, West, South and South West African countries.
  4. The city that is chosen in the regions/ counties mentioned above in the point 3 for the start of Hijri month must be same for the end of Hijri month.

We can safely determine Sunday, 11th of August 2019 as the 10th of Dhul-Hijjah ذو الحجة‎ هـ1440According to Her Majesty’s Nautical Almanac Office (HMNAO), the visibility falls in the following categories on 1st  August 2019:

Moon Visibility on 1st August 2019
Thursday, 1 August 2019

 

City Visibility Lag time (minutes)
Makkah F 30
Rabat D 37
Cape Town – South Africa F 29
Johannesburg – South Africa F 28
Dakar – Senegal C 39
Accra – Ghana C 36
Freetown – Sierra Leone C 38
London F 35
Glasgow F 34

Her Majesty’s Nautical Almanac Office (HMNAO) has categorised the visibility of the moon as follows:

A. Easily visible
B. Visible under perfect conditions
C. May need optical aid to find the crescent Moon
D. Will need optical aid to find the crescent Moon
E. Not visible with a telescope
F. Not visible, below the Danjon limit

Ramadan 2019/1440 هـ& Eid ul-Fitr 2019/1440 هـDates

The Scottish Hilal Forum (SHF) has announced Ramadan and Eid dates for 2019 under the supervision of Ulama in line with agreed Islamic criteria and including data from Her Majesty’s Nautical Almanac Office (British Observatory).

Based on the agreed criteria:

The first day of Ramadan 2019/1440 هـ will be on Monday, 6th of May 2019
and
Eid ul-Fitr will be on Wednesday, 5th of June 2019 insha Allah.

The Muslim community in Scotland has faced confusion for many years regarding the starting of Ramadan and Eid. This has resulted in severe difficulties for students, employees and the self-employed who could not take time off from work or from educational institutions due to the wait for last minute confirmation of Eid day.

SHF, by Ulama agreeing on Islamic and Scientific criteria, has been able to announce the required dates ahead of time, allowing the community to plan ahead while keeping united.

Scottish Hilal Forum agreed that the Shara’i new month is ascertained if the following conditions are satisfied:

  1. The conjunction must have actually occurred.
  2. The moonset follows sunset.
  3. The visibility falls either in Category A or B or C for either Makkah, or any city in the UK or any city in North, North West, West, South and South West African countries.
  4. The city that is chosen in the regions/ counties mentioned above in the point 3 for the start of Hijri month must be same for the end of Hijri month.

 Ramadan 2019/1440 هـ
We can safely determine Monday, 6th of May 2019 as the 1st of Ramadan 1440 هـ According to Her Majesty’s Nautical Almanac Office (HMNAO), the visibility falls in category ‘B’ or ‘C’ for many countries on 5th of May 2019:

Sunday, 5 May 2019 Monday, 6 May 2019
City Visibility Lag time (minutes) Visibility Lag time (minutes)
Makkah E 33 A 90
Rabat D 39 A 190
Cape Town – South Africa D 41 A 82
Johannesburg – South Africa C 39 A 83
Dakar – Senegal B 42 A 98
Accra – Ghana B 40 A 94
Freetown – Sierra Leone B 42 A 96
London F 34 A 106
Glasgow F 34 A 109

 

Eid ul-Fitr 2019/1440 هـ
Similarly, we can safely determine Wednesday, 5th of June 2019 as the 1stof Shawwal 1440 هـAccording to Her Majesty’s Nautical Almanac Office (HMNAO), the visibility falls in categories ‘A’ on 4thJune 2019:

Monday, 3 June 2019 Tuesday, 4 June 2019
City Visibility Lag time (minutes) Visibility Lag time (minutes)
Makkah  F 6 A 67
Rabat  F 12 A 74
Cape Town  F 17 A 68
Johannesburg  F 15 A 68
Dakar – Senegal  F 17 A 76
Accra – Ghana  F 15 A 73
Freetown – Sierra Leone  F 17 A 75
London F 3 A 72
Glasgow F 0 B 71

 It should be noted that the moon will be born on 3rd June 2019 but according to the British Observatory, it will be in Category ‘F’ for the cities/ countries listed above, which means it will be below the Danjon limit, not visible even with the help of a telescope.

1st Ramadan 2019/هـ1440 will be on Monday, 6 May 2019 and Eid ul-Fitr will be on Wednesday, 5 June 2019, insha Allah.

Jama’at Ahl-e-Sunnat, UK and the Scottish Hilal Forum (SHF) announce the start of Ramadan and Eid-ul-Fitr dates for 2019, under the supervision of Ulama and in line with agreed Islamic criteria and including data from Her Majesty’s Nautical Almanac Office (British Observatory).  

Based on this agreed criteria, Insha Allah:

The first day of Ramadan 2019/1440 AH will be on Monday, 6th of May 2019, and

Eid ul-Fitr will be on Wednesday, 5th of June 2019.  

The Muslim community in the UK have faced confusion for many years regarding the start of Ramadan and Eid dates, resulting in severe difficulties for students, employees and the self-employed who could not take time off from work or from educational institutions due to the wait for last minute confirmation of Eid day.

In the light of clear instructions in the Qur’an and Sunnah and the interpretations and commentaries of the majority of the four prominent jurists, the Islamic scholars have concluded that in the modern age, information and knowledge gathered through astronomical calculations have reached the degree of certainty. For that reason, our prayer times, as well as Suhur and Iftar times, completely rely upon observatory data.

The Ulama of Jama’at Ahl-e-Sunnat and SHF, by agreeing on Islamic and scientific criteria, for the sake of public convenience, have been able to announce the required dates ahead of time, allowing the community to plan ahead while keeping united.

Eid ul-Adha will be on Wednesday, 22nd of August 2018/هـ1439 insha Allah.

The Scottish Hilal Forum (SHF) has announced Eid ul Adha date for 2018 under the supervision of Ulama in line with agreed Islamic criteria and including data from Her Majesty’s Nautical Almanac Office (British Observatory).

Based on the agreed criteria:

Eid ul-Adha will be on Wednesday, 22nd of August 2018/هـ1439 insha Allah.

SHF, by Ulama agreeing on Islamic and Scientific criteria, has been able to announce the required dates ahead of time, allowing the community to plan ahead while keeping united.

Scottish Hilal Forum agreed that the Shara’i new month is ascertained if the following conditions are satisfied:

  1. The conjunction must have actually occurred.
  2. The moonset follows sunset.
  3. The visibility falls either in Category A or B or C for either Makkah, or any city in the UK or any city in North, North West, West, South and South West African countries.
  4. The city that is chosen in the regions/ counties mentioned above in the point 3 for the start of Hijri month must be same for the end of Hijri month.

We can safely determine Wednesday, 22nd  of August 2018 as the 10th of Dhul-Hijjah ذو الحجة‎ هـ1439According to Her Majesty’s Nautical Almanac Office (HMNAO), the visibility falls in the following categories on 12th August 2018:

City                                                                  Visibility         Lag time (minutes)

Makkah                                                                 A                      63

Rabat                                                                     A                      64

Cape Town – South Africa                          A                      81

Dakar – Senegal                                               A                      73

Accra – Ghana                                                   A                      74

Freetown – Sierra Leone                              A                      75

London                                                                   B                      51

Glasgow                                                                 B                      46

It should be noted that the moon will be born on 11th August 2018 but according to the British Observatory, it will be in Category F for the cities/ countries listed above, which means it will be below the Danjon limit, not visible even with the help of a telescope.

Her Majesty’s Nautical Almanac Office (HMNAO) has categorised the visibility of the moon as follows:

A. Easily visible
B. Visible under perfect conditions
C. May need optical aid to find the crescent Moon
D. Will need optical aid to find the crescent Moon
E. Not visible with a telescope
F. Not visible, below the Danjon limit

The following mosques and centres are agreed with the Scottish Hilal Forum’s criteria:

  1. Minhaj ul Qur’an International – Glasgow
  2. Al-Furqan Mosque – UKIM – Glasgow
  3. Jamia Islamia – Tantallon Road – Glasgow
  4. Zia-ul-Qur’an – Glasgow
  5. Hamilton Islamic Centre – Hamilton
  6. Airdrie Islamic Centre – Airdrie
  7. Coatbridge Islamic Centre – Coatbridge
  8. Muslim Association of Britain (MAB) – Glasgow
  9. Masjid-e-Bilal, Dundee
  10. Somali Muslim Community (SMC) – Glasgow
  11. Salahuddin Mosque and Islamic Centre – Glasgow
  12. Govanhill Neighbourhood Centre
  13. The Leaf Network, UK

1st Ramadan 2018/هـ1439 will be on Thursday, 17th of May 2018 and Eid ul-Fitr will be on Friday, 15th of June 2018/هـ1439 insha Allah.

The Scottish Hilal Forum (SHF) has announced Ramadan and Eid dates for 2018 under the supervision of Ulama in line with agreed Islamic criteria and including data from Her Majesty’s Nautical Almanac Office (British Observatory).

Based on the agreed criteria:

The first day of Ramadan 2018/هـ1439 will be on Thursday, 17th of May 2018
and
Eid ul-Fitr will be on Friday, 15th of June 2018/هـ1439 insha Allah.

The Muslim community in Scotland has faced confusion for many years regarding the starting of Ramadan and Eid. This has resulted in severe difficulties for students, employees and the self-employed who could not take time off from work or from educational institutions due to the wait for last minute confirmation of Eid day.

SHF, by Ulama agreeing on Islamic and Scientific criteria, has been able to announce the required dates ahead of time, allowing the community to plan ahead while keeping united.

Scottish Hilal Forum agreed that the Shara’i new month is ascertained if the following conditions are satisfied:

  1. The conjunction must have actually occurred.
  2. The moonset follows sunset.
  3. The visibility falls either in Category A or B or C for either Makkah, or any city in the UK or any city in North, North West, West, South and South West African countries.
  4. The city that is chosen in the regions/ counties mentioned above in the point 3 for the start of Hijri month must be same for the end of Hijri month.

we can safely determine Thursday, 17th of May 2018 as the 1st of Ramadanهـ1439According to Her Majesty’s Nautical Almanac Office (HMNAO), the visibility falls in the following categories on 16th May 2018:

City                                                                  Visibility         Lag time (minutes)

Makkah                                                                 A                      65

Rabat                                                                     A                      73

Cape Town – South Africa                          A                      70

Dakar – Senegal                                               A                      76

Accra – Ghana                                                   A                      73

Freetown – Sierra Leone                              A                      75

London                                                                   A                      69

Glasgow                                                                 B                      69

It should be noted that the moon will be born on 15th May 2018 but according to the British Observatory, it will be in Category F for the cities/ countries listed above, which means it will be below the Danjon limit, not visible even with the help of a telescope.

Her Majesty’s Nautical Almanac Office (HMNAO) has categorised the visibility of the moon as follows:

A. Easily visible
B. Visible under perfect conditions
C. May need optical aid to find the crescent Moon
D. Will need optical aid to find the crescent Moon
E. Not visible with a telescope
F. Not visible, below the Danjon limit

Similarly, we can safely determine Friday, 15th of June 2018 as the 1st of Shawwal هـ1439According to Her Majesty’s Nautical Almanac Office (HMNAO), the visibility falls in the following categories on 14th June 2018:

City                                                                 Visibility         Lag time (minutes)

Makkah                                                                  B                      44

Rabat                                                                       B                      49

Cape Town – South Africa                            B                      56

Dakar – Senegal                                                 A                      55

Accra – Ghana                                                      A                      54

Freetown – Sierra Leone                                 A                      55

London                                                                     F                      38

Glasgow                                                                    F                      33

Following mosques and centres are agreed with the Scottish Hilal Forum’s criteria:

  1. Minhaj ul Qur’an International – Glasgow
  2. Al-Furqan Mosque – UKIM – Glasgow
  3. Jamia Islamia – Tantallon Road – Glasgow
  4. Zia-ul-Qur’an – Glasgow
  5. Hamilton Islamic Centre – Hamilton
  6. Airdrie Islamic Centre – Airdrie
  7. Coatbridge Islamic Centre – Coatbridge
  8. Muslim Association of Britain (MAB) – Glasgow
  9. Masjid-e-Bilal, Dundee
  10. Somali Muslim Community (SMC) – Glasgow
  11. Salahuddin Mosque and Islamic Centre – Glasgow
  12. The Leaf Network, UK

1st Rabi’-ul-Awwal 2017/ هـ1439 will be on Monday, 20th November 2017.

Scottish Hilal Forum agreed that the Shara’i new month is ascertained if the following conditions are satisfied:

  1. The conjunction must have actually occurred.
  2. The moonset follows sunset.
  3. The visibility falls either in Category A or B or C for either Makkah, or any city in the UK or any city in North, North West, West, South and South West African countries. Imam Abu Hanifah (RA) held the opinion of ittihad-ul-mataley’ – إتّحادالمطالع (unity of horizon) – i.e. global sighting is valid.
  4. The city that is chosen in the regions/ counties mentioned above in the point iii for the start of Hijri month must be same for the end of Hijri month.

Now we can safely determine the 20th of November 2017, Monday as the 1st of Rabi’ ul Awwal ه1439 insha Allah. According to Her Majesty’s Nautical Almanac Office (HMNAO), the visibility falls in the following categories on 19th of November 2017: (please refer to the attached sheets for details):

City Visibility Lag time (minutes)
Makkah A 56
Rabat A 63
Cape Town – South Africa B 51
Dakar – Senegal A 63
Accra – Ghana A 60
Freetown – Sierra Leone A 62
London B 66
Glasgow C 67

Note: Although the moon is born on 18th November but its visibility for all the above cities and any other cities in Europe, Africa and Middle East falls in category F; hence 19th November cannot be the 1st of Rabi’ ul Awwal 1439ه.

1st Muharram-ul-Haram 2017/ هـ1439 will be on Friday, 22nd September 2017. 

Scottish Hilal Forum agreed that the Shara’i new month is ascertained if the following conditions are satisfied:

  1. The conjunction must have actually occurred.
  2. The moonset follows sunset.
  3. The visibility falls either in Category A or B or C for either Makkah, or any city in the UK or any city in North, North West, West, South and South West African countries. Imam Abu Hanifah (RA) held the opinion of ittihad-ul-mataley’ – إتّحادالمطالع (unity of horizon) – i.e. global sighting is valid.
  4. The city that is chosen in the regions/ counties mentioned above in the point 3 for the start of Hijri month must be same for the end of Hijri month.

Now we can safely determine the 22nd of September 2017, Friday as the 1st of Muharram-ul-Haram هـ1439. According to Her Majesty’s Nautical Almanac Office (HMNAO), the visibility falls in the following categories on 21st of September 2017:

City Visibility Lag time (minutes)
Makkah A 62
Rabat A 63
Cape Town – South Africa A 79
Dakar – Senegal A 71
Accra – Ghana A 71
Freetown – Sierra Leone A 72
London B 52
Glasgow B 49

Note: Although the moon is born on 20th September but its visibility for all the above cities and any other cities in Europe, Africa and Middle East falls in category F; hence 21st September cannot be the 1st of Muharram-ul-Haram هـ1439.