1st Ramadan 2024/1445هـ will be on Monday, 11 March 2024 and and Eid ul-Fitr 2024/1445هـ will be on Wednesday, 10 April 2024, in sha Allah

The Scottish Hilal Forum (SHF) has announced Ramadan and Eid ul-Fitr dates for 2024 under the supervision of Ulama in line with agreed Islamic criteria and including data from Her Majesty’s Nautical Almanac Office (British Observatory).

Based on the agreed criteria:

The first day of Ramadan 2024/1445هـ will be on Monday, 11 March 2024


Eid ul-Fitr 2024/1445هـ will be on Wednesday, 10 April 2024, in sha Allah.

The Muslim community in Scotland has faced confusion for many years regarding the starting of Ramadan and Eid. This has resulted in severe difficulties for students, employees and the self-employed who could not take time off from work or from educational institutions due to the wait for last minute confirmation of Eid day.

SHF, by Ulama agreeing on Islamic and Scientific criteria, has been able to announce the required dates ahead of time, allowing the community to plan ahead while keeping united.

Scottish Hilal Forum agreed that the Shara’i new month is ascertained if the following conditions are satisfied:

  1. The conjunction must have occurred in the UK (birth of new moon).
  2. The moonset must occur after sunset in the UK.
  3. The visibility of moon must fall either in Category A or B or C for either Makkah, or any city in the UK or any city in Australia, Asia, Europe or Americas.
  4. The city that is chosen in the regions/ counties mentioned above in the point 3 for the start of Hijri month must be same for the end of Hijri month.

Ramadan 2024/1445هـ

We can safely determine Monday, 11 March 2024 as the first day of Ramadan 2024/1445هـ.

According to Her Majesty’s Nautical Almanac Office (HMNAO), the visibility falls in the category ‘C’ for some countries on 10th of March 2024:

Saturday, 9 Mar 2024  Sunday, 10 Mar 2024 
CityVisibilityLag time (minutes) VisibilityLag time (minutes)
Makkah   F13
Rabat   F21
Cape Town – S Africa   F15
Dakar – Senegal   F23
New York   F36
San Diego, California   C43
Santiago, Chile   F24
London   F19
Glasgow   F20

Eid ul-Fitr 2024/1445هـ

Similarly, we can safely determine Wednesday, 10 April 2024 as the 1st of Shawwal 1445هـ. 

According to Her Majesty’s Nautical Almanac Office (HMNAO), the visibility falls in category ‘A’ on 9th April 2024 for most of the cities/ countries listed below:

Monday, 8 April 2024  Tuesday, 9 April 2024 
CityVisibilityLag time (minutes) VisibilityLag time (minutes)
Makkah   A52
RabatF-3 A69
Cape Town – S Africa   F25
Dakar – SenegalF-2 A58
New YorkF12 A90
San Diego, CaliforniaF19 A90
Santiago, ChileF-1 B34
LondonF-4 A86
GlasgowF-3 A95

It should be noted that the moon will be born on 8th April 2024 but according to the British Observatory, it will be in Category ‘F’ for the cities/ countries listed above, which means it will not be visible even with the help of a telescope